If you have been diagnosed with a spinal fracture caused by osteoporosis, cancer or benign tumors, balloon kyphoplasty is a treatment option you may want to consider. Balloon kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that can significantly reduce back pain and repair the broken bone of a spinal fracture. The procedure is called balloon kyphoplasty because orthopedic balloons are used to lift the fractured bone and return it to the correct position.
WHAT IS KYPHOPLASTY?
Kyphoplasty is a medical procedure attempts to stop the pain caused by the spine fracture and attempts to restore the height and angle of kyphosis of a fractured vertebra (of certain types), followed by its stabilization using injected bone filler material. Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty represent the two procedures that percutaneously attempt to augment the strength of fracture or weakened spine bones (Vertebra). Before the procedure, you will have a medical exam and undergo diagnostic studies such as X-rays, to determine the precise location of the fracture. The procedure can be performed under either local or general anesthesia, on multiple levels, out-patient or in-patient, and is viewed as minimally invasive. It was most commonly performed for spinal compression fractures caused by osteoporosis, a condition that weakens the bone, and is also sometimes performed for certain other conditions that may have led to a spinal fracture.
COMPARISON OF KYPHOPLASTY & VERTEBROPLASTY
Balloon kyphoplasty utilizes orthopedic balloons to create a void in a fractured vertebra, restore vertebral body height and correct angular deformity. The void allows a viscous cement to be deposited in a controlled manner stabilizing the fracture. In vertebroplasty, no balloon is used to restore vertebral body height and no cavity is created. Cement is injected into the fractured vertebra stabilizing it in its current state.